Julia Aurelia Zenobia Cleopatra, better known simply as Zenobia, was born in the year 240. She was a Queen of Palmyra, and she led a very famous revolt against the Roman empire. She was the second wife of Palmyrene king Odaenathus, and she became queen of the Palmyrene Empire after he died in the year 267. Within the next two years, she had conquered Egypt and expelled its Roman prefect. His name was Tenagino Probus, and when he tried to retake the territory, he was beheaded. She ruled over Egypt until she was defeated and taken as a hostage to Rome by the Emperor Aurelian in the year 274. Legend has it that she was taken to Rome in golden chains and allowed to retire in a villa in Tivoli. She supposedly died circa 274.